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Sustainable tourism in Peru
Sustainable Tourism in Peru

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During our visits, it means being mindful of the places we will explore, respecting their rules, beliefs, and above all, the ways of life that inhabit them. With this king of tourism, communities and travelers can establish unspoken norms that help us coexist more harmoniously with each other and the environment in general. In Peru, specifically in Cusco, there are hikes and visits that promote the sustainability of communities through these journeys.

Table of Contents

Sustainable Tourism: Its Components

To understand sustainable tourism, we need to grasp two important aspects: ecotourism and ethical tourism. Both focus on respecting communities and the environment without causing harm, only visiting it.

We must understand that the new traveler not only seeks to see places but also prefers to understand the surroundings and contribute to their constant improvement. Terms like "green travel" help us understand, from our perspective as tourism providers, a consistent concern to offer respectful alternatives.

It's important to choose a company that helps contribute to the system and takes us through Peru's beautiful landscapes. Thanks to sustainable tourism, we will help preserve destinations for the future, hand in hand with local communities.

Traveling Responsibly

Many movements worldwide help us apply new strategies to travel sustainably. Whether cultural, environmental, or social, sustainable tourism will give us a complete view of our impact on local communities.

It's not possible to talk about 100% responsible travel because, from the moment we take a non-carbon-neutral flight or use large buses, we are part of the problem. As an agency promoting sustainable tourism, we seek to reduce these impacts and contribute to the development of local communities.

Sustainable Tourism: Best Practices

Sustainable tourism can take various forms, from fair compensation for our workers in local communities to reducing our carbon footprint; the options are open to us. As passengers, traveling responsibly means being aware of how we can minimize impacts on the places we visit or choosing the best agency options.

Whether we're seeking outdoor excursions or a luxurious stay in a 5-star hotel, responsibility will be present. These decisions about how we visit certain places will help us promote 100% sustainable tourism. Here are some tips to become a responsible traveler.

  1. Respect for the Environment: When traveling, make sure to minimize your environmental impact. Use public transportation, walk, or bike whenever possible to reduce carbon emissions. Respect local conservation regulations and avoid disturbing native flora and fauna.
  2. Support for the Local Community: Choose accommodations, restaurants, and activities that directly benefit the local community. Buy local products and crafts to support the local economy instead of contributing to large corporate chains.
  3. Culturally Sensitive: Research and respect local customs and cultural etiquette of the place you are visiting. Learn some basic phrases of the local language and show genuine interest in the culture and history of the community you are visiting.
  4. Waste Reduction and Recycling: Carry a reusable water bottle and avoid using disposable plastic bottles. Refuse plastic bags and opt for reusable bags when shopping. Where possible, recycle your waste according to local regulations.
  5. Education and Awareness: Learn about the environmental and social issues affecting the region you are visiting. Participate in educational tours that promote conservation and respect for the natural and cultural environment of the area.

Sustainable Tourism: Tours in Protected Areas

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

This world wonder, known for its beautiful Inca buildings and ancient plazas, is one of the protected natural areas. Through sustainable tourism, the Peruvian government's Ministry of Tourism has implemented three new circuits divided into ten different routes to preserve and ensure the protection of this major wonder of the world. For instance, capacity has been reduced, and oversized luggage is not allowed. For sure, Machu Picchu is one of the best!

Paracas National Reserve

With nearly 335 hectares, the Paracas National Reserve is a stunning complex of marine species including sea lions and Humboldt penguins. Certified operators guide visitors around the area, ensuring minimal disturbance for the animals and the ecosystem through sustainable tourism practices.

Sustainable tourism: Titicaca National Reserve

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and home to ancestral traditions of communities like the Uros. The reserve aims to promote sustainable tourism while preserving 12 varieties of aquatic plants and around 109 bird species.

Sustainable tourism: Tambopata National Reserve 

Known for sustainable tourism, Tambopata allows visitors to discover the Amazon while respecting its wildlife and ecosystem. Lodges like those run by Inkaterra or Rainforest Expeditions demonstrate that nature and tourism can coexist harmoniously, showcasing over 169 mammal species, 1200 butterfly species, and 632 bird species.

Sustainable tourism: Manu National Park

One of the most protected parks, Manu National Park in Madre de Dios is among the world's most biodiverse. It offers opportunities to observe numerous bird species such as the Orinoco goose, golden-headed quetzal, white-throated jacamar, Andean toucan, and the Andean cock-of-the-rock, a symbol of the area.

Sustainable tourism: Inca Trail.

Possibly one of the most interesting and attractive routes in the region, this trail is a hike that blends nature with culture, combining the beauty of the Andean landscapes and the grandeur of the Peruvian high jungle with the mysticism of the Inca constructions that can be found along the route until, finally, reaching the well-known Machu Picchu.

There are various socioeconomic sectors that benefit from the exploitation of this attraction. Clearly, the tourism sector is the main beneficiary. However, this sector could not succeed with this product without the help and assistance of local porters and assistants. Until a few years ago, they worked under critical employment conditions, but after a long and fair struggle, they can now enjoy social and labor benefits according to the law, formalizing and unionizing their services.

Sustainable tourism: Choquequirao.

Since the first excavations in 1979, this attraction has shown great potential as a tourist exploitation product, as well as a new point of cultural and natural research.

Traveling to Choquequirao is essentially delving into nature unexplored for many centuries and metaphorically going back in time to the era when the Incas built these structures to remain hidden.

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