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Huchuy Qosqo – Travel Guide

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What is Huchuy Qosqo?

Huchuy Qosqo is an archaeological site that dates back to the Inca period in Peru. According to history, people believe it was built in the 15th century and served many ceremonial, religious, and even military purposes.

What does Huchuy Qosqo mean?

Huchuy Qosqo, words from the Quechua language translated into English as: Huchuy = small and Qosqo = Cusco. These words are understood as "Little Cusco." They call it this way because it resembles the city of Cusco. However, in the Inca period, they knew it as Jaquijahuana as they believed it was the place where rays could be observed.

Where is located?

Is located in the heart of the Sacred Valley, precisely in the town of Lamay, an hour away from the city of Cusco. It is facing the mountains of Pitusiray and Sawasiray.

Let's learn about the history

Many chroniclers and historians indicate that Huchuy Qosqo began its construction by orders of the Inca Wiracocha. He resigned from his duties to leave the governance of the Inca Empire to his son, Inca Urco.

However, the Inca nobility did not take this appointment of Inca Urco well, as they considered him incapable of governing. It is said that he was blinded by power and therefore inevitably failed. Faced with these events, the Inca royalty tried to conspire to impose another son of Wiracocha, Cusi Yupanqui (Pachacútec), who demonstrated leadership qualities.

After the attack by the Chankas, the discontent of Inca society increased. In 1438, Wiracocha abandoned the city to its fate accompanied by his son Inca Urco, taking refuge in Huchuy Qosqo. Cusi Yupanqui, known as Pachacútec, led the army and finally defeated the Chankas.

Observing all this, Wiracocha and Inca Urco felt jealous of this victory and attempted to ambush him, which failed, and later, they executed Inca Urco. Pachacútec became the ninth Inca, and Wiracocha, feeling defeated, took refuge in Huchuy Qosqo, where he spent the rest of his days, dying at the age of 80.

After the Spanish colonization, archaeologists found remains of a mummy believed to be Wiracocha. Despite multiple attempts to destroy Huchuy Qosqo, the constructions resisted due to its terraces, allowing people to use this complex as a farm.</p>

Why is important?

The constructions and vestiges lead historians to consider Huchuy Qosqo as a center of administration, religion, agriculture, and textiles right in the heart of the Sacred Valley of the Incas.

In this complex, it's possible to see Inca buildings with fine stone structures. This storage system preserved food in a way similar to how refrigerators work today.

Archaeologists found traces of corn crops and significant looms, leading to the belief that it was also a textile and agricultural center.

 

What can we find in Huchuy Qosqo?

Kallanka

This was a kind of center or square dedicated to important Inca gatherings as well as lodging for important officials.

Inca Enclosures

These nearly three-story buildings consist of carved stone with an adobe building on the side. People believe their purpose was to serve as a space for pure learning about the women's work world in the Inca empire.

The Climate in Huchuy Qosqo

Huchuy Qosqo, due to its location, has a climate very similar to Cusco. However, we can say that it's slightly warmer than Cusco. It experiences, like the city, 2 types of seasons: Dry seasons, with no rain and cold winds with intense sun, and rainy seasons, with fog, rain, and cold weather.

Flora in Huchuy Qosqo

Despite the altitude, Huchuy Qosqo hosts a variety of endemic species, meaning native to the area. Among them stand out the Andean lily, ferns, and bromeliads.

Fauna in Huchuy Qosqo

In this area, we can find animals such as the Andean condor, llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, Andean ducks, and Andean geese.

1-Day Tour to Huchuy Qosqo

We will start our day early, picking you up around 7:00 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. to begin our journey. Our first stop takes us to Chinchero, a unique city with impressive landscapes and extensive agricultural fields.

After this quick stop, we will head to Taucca, from here, you'll have a great view of Laguna Piuray, adding beauty to this journey.

Our hike begins from Taucca, where you'll also receive your boxed lunch to keep you full. We will gently ascend towards the Pucajasa pass, as we walk, our hearts are racing and ready for the stunning views of the Urubamba mountain range. As we descend, we will uncover some ancient paths, part of the legendary Inca Trail.

Upon reaching Huchuy Qosqo, you'll be captivated by the remains of Inca architecture that lie on a high mountain above the Sacred Valley. This ancient site includes constructions such as farming terraces, temples, water channels, and expansive plazas. The panoramic view of the Sacred Valley from this point is truly remarkable.
Here, we'll take a moment to enjoy our boxed lunch while admiring and getting lost in the Inca landscape.

After a well-deserved rest, we will continue our journey towards Lamay, a small village in the Sacred Valley. It could take a 2-hour hike. In Lamay, our transportation will be waiting to take us back to the city of Cusco.

What to bring?

  • Original passport.
  • Small backpack.
  • Sunscreen.
  • Sunglasses.Water bottle.
  • Snacks.
  • Rain poncho (rainy season).
  • Extra money.
  • Camera.
  • Power bank.

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